the syllable في اللغة الانجليزية
تعلم نطق الكلمات و تحصل على العلامة الكاملة في هذا التمرين في البكالوريا
A IntroductionWhen a word has more than one syllable, there is always one syllable that has greater stress than the others. For example, the word "coffee is stressed on the first syllable cof, which has greater prominence than the second syllable. The word e"normous is stressed on the second syllable nor.
Here are some examples of how words are stressed.
First syllable Second syllable Third syllable Fourth syllable ‘always al"ternative corre"spondent environ"mentally ‘energy ap"pear inter inter"national organiz"ation ‘everybody a"vailable oppor"tunity responsi"bility ‘industry be"tween recom"mend underde"veloped ‘popular com"mittee ‘programme ex"tremely ‘sorry im"portant ‘water tech"nology
The syllable which follows the stress mark (") is stressed. In the word always,
the syllable al is stressed, and the syllable ways is unstressed.
a In longer words some syllables have secondary stress. The word international has its
main or primary stress on the syllable na and a secondary stress on the syllable in,
which has greater stress than ter or al but weaker stress than na. A syllable which
follows the stress mark (%) has secondary stress. Here are some examples.
%inter"national "every%body re%sponsi"bility
b Some words can have different stress patterns, e.g. "yesterday or yester"day,
head"quarters or "headquarters. This often depends on the stress pattern of the sentence
as a whole.
c There are some words which can be either a verb or a noun depending on how they are
stressed, e.g. trans"port (verb) or "transport (noun). > 11B
Copyright Oxfo r d U n i v e r s i t y P r e s s Oxford Learner's Grammar 1
Remember that the most important thing in order to make yourself
understood is to put the primary stress on the correct syllable.
Unfortunately there is no general rule to tell you which syllable should
be stressed. Usually the stress pattern has to be learned as part of the
pronunciation of each individual word. The best way to learn how to
stress words is by listening to them used in speech and imitating the
pronunciation. If you see a word and want to know how it is stressed,
you will find the pronunciation in a dictionary such as the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary